2013年七年级英语下册不规则动词过去式表

不规则动词表1.A-A-A型(无变化的动词)cut-cut-cut let-let-let hit-hit-hit put-put-put cost-cost-cost hurt-hurt-hurt read/ri:d/-read[red]-read[red]2.A-A-B型(现在式和过去式同形)beat-beat-beaten3.A-B-A型(现在式和过去分词同形)come-came-comebecome-became-becomerun-ran-run4.A-B-B型(动词的过去式与过去分词相同)(1)词尾的“d”变为“t”或词尾是“n”加“t”build-built-built lend-lent-lent send-sent-sent spend-spent-spentburn-burnt/burned-burnt/burned learn-learnt/learned-learnt/learnedmean-meant-meant(2)把原形变为aught及ought的变化(如果原形有a则是aught,无a则是ought)buy-bought-bought bring-brought-brought think-thought-thoughtfight-fought-fought catch-caught-caught teach-taught-taught(3)eep变ept或过去式、过去分词含有/e/音的动词keep-kept-kept sleep-slept-slept sweep-swept-swept leave-left-leftsay-said-said meet-met-met spell-spelt-speltsmell-smelt/smelled-smelt/smelled hold-held-held feel-felt-felt(4)其他dig-dug-dug find-found-found stand-stood-stoodunderstand-understood-understood get-got-got sit-sat-satspoil-spoilt-spoilt have/has-had-had sell-sold-sold tell-told-told hang-hanged/hung-hanged/hung hear-heard-heard make-made-madepay-paid-paid lay-laid-laid lie(说谎)-lied-lied lose-lost-lostshine-shone/shined-shone/shined win-won-won shoot-shot-shot5.A-B-C型(现在式、过去式和过去分词都不相同)(1)in、im的变化(i-a-u型)sing-sang-sung ring-rang-rung begin-began-begundrink-drank-drunk swim-swam-swum sink-sank-sunk(2)在动词原形后加-n或-en构成过去分词①ow及aw的变化(过去式以ew结尾,过去分词以wn结尾)draw-drew-drawn know-knew-known throw-threw-thrownblow-blew-blown grow-grew-grown fly-flew-flown②元音是i的开音节的变化(过去分词以en结尾)drive-drove-driven rise-rose-risen ride-rode-riddenwrite-wrote-written give-gave-given③其他see-saw-seen eat-ate-eaten take-took-taken fall-fell-fallen freeze-froze-frozen show-showed-shown break-broke-brokenspeak-spoke-spoken wake-woke-woken choose-chose-chosenforget-forgot-forgotten lie(躺,放)-lay-lain wear-wore-wornbe(am,is,are)-was/were-been(3)其他go-went-gone do-did-done6.有过去式,没有过去分词的动词can-could may-might must-must shall-should will-would祝你学习进步,更上一层楼!请记得采纳,谢谢!(*_^)www.07swz.com防采集请勿采集本网。

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am/is was may might are were mean meant

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

Infinitive Past tense am.is was are were become became begin began blow blew break broke bring brought build built burn burnt buy bought can could catch caught choose chose come

原形 am/is are bring buy come cut does/do draw drink drive eat feed feel fight find fly forget get go grow have/has hear keep know leave let lose make meet pay put read ride run say see sell sing sit sleep speak spend stand swim take teach tell think wear write

gaet 大门 by 按照 subway地铁交通 underground地铁交通 always总是 come on加油 on foot步行 plane飞机 train火车 ship船 boat小船 weekday工作日 early早的 bird鸟 catch捉住 worm软件虫

2013年七年级英语下册不规则动词过去式表 过去式 意思 was 是 were 是 brought 带来 bought 买 came 来 cut 割、砍、切 did 做 drew 画 drank 喝 drove 驾驶 ate 吃 fed 喂 felt 感觉 fought 打架 found 发现 flew 飞 forgot 忘记 got 得到 went 去 grew 生长 had 有 heard 听到 kept 保持 knew 知道 left 离开 left 让 lost 丢失 made 制造 met 遇到 paid 花费 put 放 read 读 rode 骑 ran 跑 said 说 saw 看见 sold 卖 sang 唱 sat 坐 slept 睡 spoke 讲 spent 花费 stood 站 swam 游泳 took 拿 taught 教 told 告诉 thought 想 wore 穿 wrote 写

您好!很高兴为您解答!解不规则动词过去式、过去分词变化表: 第一个英语单词为原形 第二个英语单词为过去式 第三个英语单词为过去分词 AB型 能 can could 将要;会;好吗 shall should

一.动词be(is,am,are)的用法我(I)用am,你(you)用are,is跟着他(he),她(she),它(it)。单数名词用is,复数名词全用are。变否定,更容易,be后not加上去。变疑问,往前提,句末问号莫丢弃。还有一条须注意,句首大写莫忘记。二.this,that和it用法(1)this和that是指示代词,it是人称代词。(2)距离说话人近的人或物用this,距离说话人远的人或物用that。如:This is a flower.这是一朵花。(近处)That is a tree.那是一棵树。(远处)(3)放在一起的两样东西,先说this,后说that。如:This is a pen.That is a pencil.这是一支钢笔。那是一支铅笔。(4)向别人介绍某人时说This is…,不说That is…。如:This is Helen.Helen,this is Tom.这是海伦,海伦,这是汤姆。(5)This is 不能缩写,而That is可以缩写。如:This is a bike.That’s a car.这是一辆自行车。那是一辆轿车。(6)打电话时,介绍自己用this,询问对方用that。如:—Hello!Is that Miss Green?喂,是格林小姐吗?Yes,this is.Who’s that?是的,我是,你是谁?注意:虽然汉语中使用“我”和“你”,但英语中打电话时绝不可以说:I am…,Are you…?Who are you?(7)在回答this或that作主语的疑问句时,要用it代替this或that。如:①—Is this a notebook?这是笔记本吗?Yes,it is.是的,它是。②—What’s that?那是什么?It’s a kite.是只风筝。三.these和those用法this,that,these和those是指示代词,these是this的复数形式,指时间,距离较近的或下面要提到的人或事;those是that的复数形式,指时间、距离较远或前面已经提到过的人或事物。①This is my bed.That is Lily’s bed.这是我的床。那是莉莉的床。②These pictures are good.那些画很好。③ Are those apple trees?那些是苹果树吗?在回答主语是these或those的疑问句时,通常用they代替these或those以避免重复。如:④Are these/those your apples?这些(那些)是你的苹果吗?Yes,they are.是的,他们是。四.不定冠词a和ana和an都是不定冠词,表示一(个,支,本,块…)的意思,但不强调数量概念,而是强调类别,用来限定名词。a用在辅音素开头的单数名词前,如:a pencil(一支铅笔),a book(一本书);an用在元音音素开头的名词前,如an eraser(一块橡皮)。如果名词前有修饰语,用a还是用an,则以该修饰语的第一音素决定用a还是用an。如:a clock 一座钟 an old clock 一座旧钟 a book 一本书 an book 一本英语书 a nice apple 一个可爱的苹果 an apple 一个苹果五.名词+’s所有格名词+’s所有格 单数名词后直接加“’s”Jim’s coat 吉姆的外套 Jeff’s mother杰夫的妈妈以s结尾的复数名词,只加“’”Teachers’Day教师节 the twins’books双胞胎的书不以s结尾的不规则的名词复数,加“’s”Children’s Day 儿童节 men’s shoes男式鞋表示两者共同拥有时,只在最后一个名词后加’s表示两者各自拥有时,要在每个名词后加’sLucy and Lily’s mother 露茜和莉莉的妈妈(共同的妈妈,一个妈妈)Lucy’s and Kate’s rooms 露茜和凯特的房间(各自的房间,两间房子)六.There be句型(1)There be句型主要用以表达“某处(某时)有某人(某物)。其基本结构为“There be+某物(某人)+某地(某时)”其中there是引导词,没有词义;主语是be后面的名词,be是谓语动词,在一般现在时中be只用is和are两种形式。下面这首歌诀可帮你巧记there be句型结构:There be放句首,主语跟在后。地、时放句末,强调置前头。如:There is a book on the desk.有时为了强调地点,也可把介词短语放在句首。如:On the desk there is a book.(2)There be句型中的be动词如何确定呢?请先看看下面这首歌诀:Be动词,有三个,am,is还有are。“There be”真特别,不留am只留俩,那就是is还有are。要用is还是are,须看其后的名词是单数还是复数。若是单数或不可数名词用is,否则就用are。如:①There is a tree behind the house.②There is some water(水)in the bottle(瓶子).③There are some pears in the box.(3)注意:如果“be”后的主语是由and连接的两个或两个以上的名词,那么be的形式要遵循“远亲不如近邻”的原则。也就是说,“be”的形式是由与它最近的那个名词来确定的。若那个名词是单数或不可数名词要用is,是复数就用are。如:①There is a book and some pens on the floor.②There are some pens and a book on the floor.七.like一词的用法 like用作及物动词,译为“喜欢”。(1)后接名词或代词,表示喜欢某人或某物。如:I like the baby very much.我非常喜欢这个小孩。(2)后接动名词(v.-ing),表示“喜欢做某事”,着重于习惯、爱好。如:Tom likes playing football.汤姆喜欢踢足球。(3)后接动词不定式(to do),表示“偶尔地喜欢做某事”,着重于某次具体的行为。如:I like reading,but I like to watch TV this evening.我喜欢读书,但我今晚想看电视。八.一般现在时一般现在时表示经常性、习惯性的动作,或表示现在的特征、状态。当主语是非第三人称单数时,行为动词的一般现在时变化形式(见下表)。如:句式 结构 例句肯定句 主语+行为动词原形+其他 We speak Chinese.否定句 主语+don’t+行为动词原形+其他 We don’t speak Chinese.一般疑问句 Do+主语+行为动词原形+其他?Do you speak Chinese?肯定回答否定回答 Yes,主语+doNo,主语+don’t Yes,we do.No,we don’t.当主语是第三人称单数时,行为动词一般现在时的句型变化如下:(1)肯定句在行为动词原形后+s/es(其构成方法与名词单数变复数相同)。(2)否定句用助动词doesn’t+动词原形。(3)一般疑问句则是把助动词does放在句首,后面动词用原形,回答时,肯定用“Yes,主语+does.”;否定用“No,主语+doesn’t.”。句式 结构 例句肯定句 主语+行为动词s/es+其他 She speaks Chinese.否定句 主语+doesn’t+行为动词原形+其他 She doesn’t speak Chinese.一般疑问句 Does+主语+行为动词原形+其他?Does she speak Chinese?肯定回答否定回答 Yes,主语+doesNo,主语+doesn’t Yes,she does.No,she doesn’t.九.句子单数变复数,注意以下五要素(1)主格人称代词要变成相应的复数主格人称代词,即I→we,you→you,she,he,it→they。如:She is a girl.→They are girls.2)am,is要变为are。如:I’m a student.→We are students.(3)不定冠词a,an要去掉。如:He is a boy.→They are boys.(4)普通单数名词要变为复数形式。如:It is an apple.→They are apples.(5)指示代词this,that要变为these,those。如:This is a box.→These are boxes.十.英语日期的表示法英语中月份和星期名称都是专有名词,它们的首字母必须大写,并且前面无需用冠词。用英语表示日期,其顺序为月+日+年,日和年之间需用逗号隔开。如:August 2nd,2003(2003年8月2日)。也可以用日+月+年来表示。如:10th May,2003(2003年5月10日)英语日期前介词的使用:若指在哪一年或哪一月,则用介词in,若具体到某一天,则需用介词on。①She was born in 1989 ②She was born in August.③She was born in August 1989.④She was born on 2nd August,1989.十一.名词复数:在英语里面,名词分可数名词(countable noun)和不可数名词(uncountable noun),不可数名词没有单复数之分,用时只当单数词用;可数名词有单复数之分,一个的前面要用a或an,eg:a pencil,a basketball,a dictionary,an egg,an ID card,而复数即两个或两个以上的要作相应的变化,情况如下:(1)特殊词,特殊变化,需单独记:child→children,man→men,foot→feet,woman→womentooth→teeth,sheep→sheep,deer→deer(2)一般的词在单数词后直接+“s”:book→books,pen→pens,car→cars,map→maps,cartoon→cartoons(3)以s,x,sh,ch结尾的词+“es”box→boxes,watch→watches(4)以辅音字母+y结尾的名词去掉“y”,改成“i”,再加“es”family→families,comedy→comedies(5)以f或fe结尾的词,先去掉f或fe,改成“v”再加esknife→knives,wife→wives,handkerchief→handkerchieves十二.时间的表达法(1)直读式,即直接读出时间数字7:05 seven five 8:16 eight sixteen(2)过、差式,即几点差几分,几点过几分。(以30分为分界线)1:25 twenty-five past one 2:30 half past two3:43 seventeen to four 4:38 twenty-two to five(3)12小时制6:00 a.m.上午6点 8:20 p.m.下午8点20分(4)24小时制13:00 13点钟 22:15 22点15分(5)15分可用quarter4:15 a quarter past four 5:45 a quarter to six(6)时间前通常用at.at 5 o’clock at 7:30 p.m.十三.关于时间的问法(1)以when提问,“什么时候”可以是较长的时间段,也可以是较短的时间点①When is your birthday?你的生日是什么时候?②My birthday is Dec.29th.我的生日是12月29日。这里就是指一天的时间段①When do you go home?你几点回家?②I go home at 4:30 p.m.我下午4:30回家.这里when问的是具体的时间。(2)具体几点我们通常用what time提问①What time is it now?现在几点了?or What’s the time?几点了?It’s 9:26.现在九点二十六。②What time is it by your watch?你手表几点了?It’s 8:36.Oh,It’s 50 minutes late 8:36,哦,它慢了50分钟。③What time do you get up?你几点起床?I get up at 6:00 a.m.我早上6点起床。十四.want用法(1)想干什么用want to do sthThey want to join the sports club.他们想加入运动俱乐部。(2)第三人称单数作主语,want要作变化①He wants to play basketball.②Li Xia wants to play the piano.(3)变疑问句,否定句要借助助动词do或does.①-Do you want to play soccer ball?Yes,I do./No,I don’t.②-Does he want to go home by bus?Yes,he does./No,he doesn’t内容来自www.07swz.com请勿采集。